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Effective strategies to recover your lost Smartphone data: Connect with experts to avail affordable data recovery services
We live in an era where we are surrounded by multiple electronic gadgets. Starting from enjoying cool air from the air conditioner to printing documents via printers, every activity of ours is driven by technology. The smartphone is the most used electronic gadget which allows you to do much more than simply communicating with people. Apart from talking to your peers, you can click photos, write blogs, watch movies and socialize with your near and dear ones. The biggest problem faced by all Smartphone users across the world is data loss which can occur anytime. Several digital vulnerabilities can attack your Smartphone and result in the loss of your valuable data. You need to ensure the ultimate protection of your Smartphone by installing strong and protective applications on your device. In case you are looking for Smartphone or Tablet or Camera Data Recovery Service to recover your lost data, immediately connect with our experts. Call us, mail us or chat with us to avail data restoring service at an affordable price.
Factors which cause data loss from your Smartphone
Nowadays, cybercrime is increasing at an alarming rate. This poses the biggest threat to our Smartphone and other smart devices such as tablets, laptops etc. Hackers are sending various malicious objects to invade our smart devices and steal our personal data. Take a look at the common factors which lead to data loss:
- Virus, malware, spyware, etc., are the common harmful objects which can get into your mobiles via multiple internet mediums.
- Unauthorized download links, suspicious email attachments, malicious applications can enter into your device and delete all data stored in your phone. There are other factors due to which you might lose your essential Smartphone data.
- You might delete any file accidentally or your Smartphone might get damaged due to a sudden fall on the ground.
- Spilling of water or any other liquid on the phone might also cause in loss of your important data.
Security based applications such as firewalls, anti-virus, etc., helps to protect your Smartphone from these malicious threats and secures your essential data. But sometimes these applications might get corrupted and fail to offer protection to your Smartphone.
We offer best in class data retrieving services
You can always keep a backup of your Smartphone data by saving the same in cloud storage or in any external storage. Apple users can save their data to iCloud and Android users can save their data by accessing the backup and reset option. Android users can also store their data and phone contacts on their linked Gmail accounts. Windows phone users can save their data to Onedrive and also to their Microsoft account. In case you do not have any backup of your lost smartphone data, get in touch with our experts. They will guide you to recover all your lost data from Apple, Android or Windows phones. Check out the following Data Recovery services we offer to our customers:
- Data recovery service for iOS-specific devices
- Recovery service for lost data from android devices
- Data recovery service from any Cell phone
- Windows mobile data recovery service
- Tablets & iPads data recovery service
- GPS forensics data recovery service
- SIM cards data recovery service
Connect with our tech specialists via call, mail or chat to avail all of the above-mentioned services at a reasonable price. Our engineers are certified and skilled to retrieve almost 100% of your lost data within a short span.
Avail professional guidance by connecting with us
We provide you with the best-in-class services which are proven to generate ultimate results for data loss related problems. You need to call at our helpline number +971-523252808 which is available 24*7 to share your issues with our experts. They will provide you with the Smart Device Data Recovery Service at a pocket-friendly price. In addition, you can drop a mail to us during busy working hours and receive solutions from us instantly. We are also available over live chat option where you can talk to our experts in real-time about your issues. Our experts will help you to recover your lost Smartphone data at a reasonable price.
Do you have wireless devices such as laptop and smart phone and want it to browse the internet but don’t have a router to do the job? This is possible in Windows 7 provided that you have at least a wireless adapter and an Ethernet port connected to the internet or a USB device with 3G or 4G connections.
To setup your computer act as a Wireless Access Point (WAP) and let other Wi-Fi devices connect to it, first of you have to make sure that.
The computer you’re going to setup as a wireless access point has a wireless adapter and a Ethernet port or a USB device with 3G or 4G connection.
- To begin click on Start > Control Panel and click on Network and Sharing Center, if you can’t find Network and sharing center make sure that Category view is in “Large Icon” or “Small Icon”. In the Network and Sharing Center click on Change Adapter setting.
- In the Network Connection Panel you should see a Wireless network connection, this device will act as the access point and let other Wi-Fi devices connect to it. Aside from wireless network connection there should also be a local area connection that is connected to the internet or a USB 3G/4G connection.
- Go back to Network and Sharing Center panel and click on “Setup a new connection or network”. Under the Set Up a Connection or Network click on “Set up a wireless ad hoc (computer-to-computer) network Set up a temporary network for sharing files or an Internet connection” and click on the Next button.
- On the next screen click the Next button to continue.
- Next you’ll be ask to give your network a name and choose security options. The network name should contain 1 to 32 characters and it is case sensitive, the name you enter here will be the Wi-Fi network name you’ll see when you scan for available Wi-Fi network. Next select the security type and type in your desire security key or passphrase.Check the “Save this network” check box to save your network name on the Wireless network connection, unchecking this checkbox will remove your network name on the Wireless Network Connection list when you disconnect the network, so you have to set up again the Wireless ad hoc connection if you wish to reconnect the device to the network. Click the next button when you finished configuring your Wi-Fi access point.
- After clicking the next button Windows will prompt you that your network is ready to use.
- Turn on Internet connection sharing to share your internet connection with other Wi-Fi devices connected on your Wireless access point. To turn on Internet connection sharing right click on the “Local Area Connection” under the Network connection panel and click on “Properties” then click “Sharing” tab and check the “Allow other network users to connect through this computer’s Internet connection” checkbox then click the OK button or if you can see the “Turn on Internet connection sharing” shown in step 6 click on it to enable ICS.Internet connection sharing – network and sharing
Note: After you have set up your pc as a wireless access point and yet you’re unable to connect to the internet please make sure that your PC firewall or your Antivirus is not blocking Internet Connection Sharing.
Antivirus firewall setup
Note: Android device might not see the Wireless Access Point you just created, you can also use third party software such as virtual router to share your internet with other Wi-Fi devices for better compatibility with other Wi-Fi devices.
What Is An I.P Address
As an important distinction to identify a computer machine connected to a network an Internet Protocol (I.P) is used and not the machine itself. Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) uses a 32 bit address to identify a machine on a network and to the network it is attached. IP address is the set of number we usually see on our workstation or terminals connected to the network such as 192.168.1.1, these IP address should be unique to every workstation to be able to establish a connection otherwise there would be an IP conflict on the network in which the machine is attached. IP addresses are 4 sets of 8bit for a total of 32 bits these bits are separated by period and are written out in their decimal equivalent.
The network Information Center (NIC) assigns the I.P address, but if not connected to the internet the network can determine its own numbering through DHCP or manually assigning a IP address. There are five classes of I.P addresses with each used depending on the size of the network. These classes are Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D and Class E. The class can be determined from the first three (high-order) bits.
|Class||Leading Bits||Network||Local Address||Start Address||End Address|
How to Change or Add IP Address
To be able to connect to your Local Area Network that don’t use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers you have to manually input the I.P address in your TCP/IP configuration on your Windows system but for server or router that is configured to use DHCP you don’t have to assign I.P address to your machine as the DHCP server will assign the I.P address automatically. There are instances that you may need to configure your system TCP/IP to be able to connect to your existing Local Area Network or to the internet, here are basic guide on how to change or add an IP address to your computer.
- In Windows Xp – Click on start > Control Panel then click on the classic view on the left pane, select Network connectionon the control panel list.
- In Windows 7 – Click on start > Control Panel In the view by: on the upper right side of your control panel select large icon, then select Network and Sharing Center, on the left pane click on Change Adapter Settings and click on Local Area Connection
- In Windows 8 – Right click on Start and select control panel, In the view by: on the upper right side of control panel select large icon, Select Network and Sharing Center, on the left pane click on Change Adapter Settings and click on Ethernet.
Local Area Connection Configuration:
In the Local Area Connection status click on Properties, Inside the Local Area connection properties click on the networking tab and select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and then click on Properties.
Under General Tab click on Use the following IP address check box to be able to change or add an IP address.
IP Address: The IP address you want to give to your machine the IP address should be the same across your network except for the last sigment.
Subnet Mask: Enter your network subnet mask here example of a subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 or by just clicking on the field, windows will automatically add the subnet mask depending on the I.P address you put on the IP address field.
Default Gateway: If you connect to the internet through a router the I.P address of the router must be entered here or if you use proxy server to connect to the internet input the IP address of your proxy server on this field, for a local area connection only you can leave this field blank.
Prefered DNS server: Usually same with default gateway if you connect to the internet through a router you can put the router I.P address or your network proxy server on this field or you can leave it blank if your network is for local area connection only.
|ADR||address||I/O||input / output|
|ALU||arthmetic logic unit||LD||load|
|BCD||binary code decimel||LOG 1||logical one|
|BCTR||bit counter||LOG Z||logical zero|
|BPS||bits per second||MAR||memory address register|
|CAR||carry||MSB||most significant bit|
|CR||clock register||PC||program counter|
|CY||cycle||RAM||random access memory|
|DIN||data in||ROM||read only memory|
|DRAM||dynamic random access memory||SH||shift|
|EN||enable||SRAM||static random access memory|
|EPROM||electronic programmable read only memory||STOP||stop|
|FIFO||first in – first out||TRIG||trigger|
|A||Ampere (AC rms or DC) a Ampere (peak) A/D Analog to digital AC Alternating current|
|AC/DC||Alternating current or direct current|
|ADC||Analog-to-digital converter AF Audio frequency Ah Ampere hour|
|AM/FM||Amplitude modulation or Frequency modulation|
|AWG||American wire gauge|
|B||Transistor Base electrode|
|B||Magnetizing Flux density|
|BCD||Binary coded decimal|
|BJT||Bipolar junction transistor BV Breakdown voltage|
|BVCEO||Breakdown voltage, collector-to-emitter junction reverse biased (base open)|
|BVCES||Breakdown voltage, collector-to-emitter junction reverse biased (base shorted)|
|BVCOB||Breakdown voltage, collector-to-base junction reverse biased (emitter open)|
|c||Centi (10 -2 )|
|C||Capacitance or capacitor|
|C||Transistor collector electrode|
|CB||Common base configuration|
|C O||Output Capacitance|
|d||Deci (10 -1 )|
|D/A||Digital to analog|
|DIP||Dual in-line package|
|E||Transistor emitter electrode|
|EHF||Extremely high frequency|
|EHV||Extra high voltage|
|ELF||Extremely low frequency|
|f ab||Common base small-signal cutoff frequency|
|f ae||Common emitter small-signal utoff frequency|
|FET||Field effect transistor|
|FM||FM Frequency modulation|
|f osc||Maximum frequency of oscillation|
|f r||Frequency at resonance|
|G||Giga (10 9 )|
|g m||Small-signal transconductance|
|g M , g FE||Static or DC transconductance|
|G M , G FE||Large-signal transconductance|
|H||Magnetic field intensity, Magnetizing flux|
|h||hecto (10 2 )|
|h fb||Common base small signal forward current transfer-ratio|
|h fe||Common emitter small-signal forward current transfer-ratio (base input)|
|h FE||Common emitter DC forward current transfer-ratio, current gain (IC/IB)|
|h rb||Common base small signal reverse transfer voltage ratio (emitter input)|
|h rc||Common collector small signal reverse transfer voltage ratio (base input)|
|h re||Common emitter small signal reverse transfer voltage ratio (base input)|
|I B||Base current|
|I C||Collector current|
|I CBO , I CO||Collector cutoff current (emitter open)|
|I CEO||Collector cutoff current (base open)|
|I CER||Collector cutoff current (specified resistance base-emitter)|
|I E||Emitter current|
|I EBO||Emitter cutoff current (collector open)|
|I eff||Effective current|
|I F||Forward current (DC)|
|i Fr||Forward recovery current (specified instantaneous value)|
|I O||Output current (DC)|
|I R||Reverse current (DC)|
|i R||Reverse current (peak)|
|i Rr||Reverse recovery current (specified instantaneous value)|
|I S||Secondary current|
|i surge||Surge current|
|I Z||Zener current|
|I ZK||Zener knee current|
|I ZM||Zener maximum current|
|I ZT||Zener test current|
|JFET||Junction field effect transistor|
|K||Coefficient of coupling|
|k||kilo (10 3 )|
|LCD||Liquid crystal display|
|LED||Light emitting diode|
|L M||Mutual inductance|
|LNA||Low noise amplifier|
|LSI||Large scale integration|
|m||Milli (10 -3 )|
|M||Mega (10 6 )|
|MOS||Metal oxide semiconductor|
|MOSFET||Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor|
|N||Number of turns of inductor/transformer|
|n||Nano (10 -9 )|
|OP||AMP Operational amplifier|
|p||Pico (10 -12 )|
|PAL||Programmable Array Logic|
|PAM||Pulse amplitude modulation|
|P ap||Apparent power|
|P av||Average power|
|PCB||Printed circuit board|
|P d||Power dissipation of device (average)|
|PIV||Peak inverse voltage|
|PLD||Programmable Logic Device|
|PLL||Phase locked loop|
|P-P||Peak to peak|
|PRF||Pulse repetition frequency|
|PRT||Pulse repetition time|
|PWM||Pulse width modulation|
|Q||Charge, also quality|
|CSR||controlled semicondustor rectifier||MIC||microphone|
|FB||ferrite disc or bead||MX||matrix|
|FC||ferrite core||PCC||photoconductive cell|
|FW||field winding||RE||recording instrument or meter|
|G||generator||SD||surge diverter of any type|
|HC||heat coil||SEM||semaphore indicator|
|IC||integrated circuit||SRAM||static random access memory|
|IREG||induction regulator||SW||seires winding|
Entirely made of metal with microchip mounted on its metal can base and then covered with a metal cap. TO-3 is designed to accommodate large heat sinks to dissipate heat and increase power handling capability.
The tab is located 45° from pin 1. The lead diameter is nominally 0.45 mm, the diameter of the cap is 4.5-4.95mm (0.178-0.195 inches) and the overall width (not including the tab) is 5.4 mm. Ref. wiki
|2D||Double Density||2DD||Double-side Double density|
|2GL||Second Generation Language||2HD||Double-side High Density|
|2S2D||Double Side, Double Density||2SHD||Double Sided, High Density|
|3D||Three Dimensional||3GL||Third Generation Language|
|3D DDI||3D Device Dependent Interface||4GT||4 GB Ram Tuning|
|4GL||4th generation language||A3D||Aureal 3-Dimensional|
|ABI||application binary interface||ACE||Advanced Computing Environment|
|ABS||Apple Business Systems (Apple)||ACPI||Advanced Configuration and Power Interface|
|ACSM||Application Control State Machine||ADB||Apple Desktop Bus|
|ADO||ActiveX Data Objects||ADSI||Active Directory Service Interfaces|
|AGP||Accelerated Graphics Port||AIFF||Audio Interchange File Format|
|ALU||Arithmetic Logical Unit||AML||ACPI Machine Language|
|AMR||Audio/Modem Riser||ANSI||American National Standards Institute|
|API||application programming interface||APIC||Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller|
|ASCII||American Standard Code for Information Interchange||ARP||Address Resolution Protocol|
|APM||Advanced Power Management||ASF||Active Streaming Format|
|ASP||active server page||ASPI||Advanced SCSI Programming Interface|
|ATA||Advanced Technology Attachment||ATAPI||AT Attachment Packet Interface|
|ATM||asynchronous transfer mode||ATX||Advanced Technology eXtended|
|AUI||Attachment Unit Interface||AVGA||Advanced Video Graphics Array|
|AVI||Audio Video Interleave||BASIC||Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code|
|Cc||Carbon Copy (Mail)||BCC||Blind Carbon Copy (Mail)|
|BDC||Backup Domain Controller||BIOS||Basic input/output system|
|BMP||Bitmap||BOF||Beginning Of File|
|BOOTP||Bootstrap Protocol||BPB||BIOS Parameter Blocks|
|BPI||Bits Per Inch (HDD)||CAD||Computer Aided Design|
|CAL||Common Application Language||CAM||Computer Aided Manufacturing|
|CAM||Content Addressable Memory||CASE||Computer Aided Software Engineering|
|CAT||Continuous Asynchronous Transmission||CDE||Common Desktop Environment|
|CD||Compact Disc||CD-R||Compact Disc Recordable|
|CD-ROM||Compact Disc Read-Only Memory||CD-RW||Compact Disc Re-Writable|
|CDFS||Compact Disc File System||CDMA||Code Division Multiple Access|
|CDF||Channel Definition Format||CG||computer graphics|
|CGA||Color Graphics Adapter||CGA||Column Grid Array|
|CGI||Computer Graphics Interface||CGI||Common Gateway Interface|
|CHRP||Common Hardware Reference Platform (AIM)||CHS||Cylinder Head Sector|
|CIFS||Common Internet File System (TCP/IP)||CIM||computer integrated manufacturing|
|CIM||Common Information Model||CMC||Computer Numeric Control|
|CNR||Communications and Network Riser||COBOL||Common Business-Oriented Language|
|COM||Component Object Model (Programming)||COM||Commercial (networking)|
|CORBA||Common Object Request Broker Architecture||COSE||Common Open Software Environment|
|COSS||Common Object Service Specification||CPN||central processing node|
|CRC||Cyclic redundancy check||CRL||Certificate Revocation List|
|CPU||Central Processing Unit||CSEL||Cable SELect (EIDE, HD)|
|CSMA/CA||Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance||CSMA/CD||Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection|
|CSN||Card Select Number (PNP)||CSS||Cascading Style Sheets|
|CTI||Computer Telephony Integration||CTS||Clear To Send|
|D/A||Digital-to-Analog||DAA||Digest Access Authentication (HTTP)|
|DAA||Data Access Arrangement||DAC||DAC – Digital to Analog Converter|
|DAC||Dual Attached Concentrator (FDDI)||DAP||Directory Access Protocol|
|DAS||Dynamic Allocation Scheme (protocol)||DAS||Digital Analog Simulator|
|DASD||Direct-Access Storage Device||DB||Database|
|DBA||DataBase Administrator||DBC||Device Bay Controller|
|DBM||Dual Bit Map||DBM||DataBase Manager (DB)|
|DBMS||Database Management System||DCD||Data Carrier Detect|
|DCE||Data Communication Equipment||DCE||Distributed Computing Environment|
|DCI||Display Control Interface||DCOM||Distributed Component Object Model|
|DDE||Dynamic Data Exchange||DDF||Data Description Field|
|DDK||Device Development / Driver Kit (MS)||DDL||data definition language|
|DDM||Distributed Data Management||DDML||Display Driver Management Layer|
|DDoS||Distributed Denial Of Service||DEF||Design Exchange Format|
|DES||Data Encryption Standard||DIM||Device Interface Module|
|DLC||Data Link Control||DLCI||Data Link Connection Identifier|
|DLL||Dynamic Link Library||DMI||Desktop Management Interface|
|DML||Data Manipulation Language||DNS||Domain Name System|
|DOM||Document Object Model||DOMF||Distributed Object Management Facility|
|DOP||Directory Operational Protocol||DOS||Disk Operating System|
|DPI||Dot per inch||DPMI||DOS protected mode interface|
|DPMS||Display Power Management Signaling||DRC||Design Rule Checks (CAD)|
|DRDA||Distributed Relational Database Architecture||DRF||Data Recovery Field|
|DRM||Digital Rights Management||DS||Directory Service|
|DSA||Digital Signature Algorithm||DSM||Digital Storage Media|
|DTR||Data Terminal Ready||DVO||Digital Video Output|
|DXF||Drawing Exchange Format||EA||Extended Attribute (OS/2)|
|EAB||Enterpreise Access Builder (IBM, Java)||EASI||Enhanced Asynchronous SCSI Interface|
|EBCDIC||xtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code||EDA||Electronic Design Automation (RL, IC)|
|EDD||Enhanced Disk Drive||EDD||Enterprise Data Distribution (ENS, Banyan, VINES)|
|EDI||Electronic Data Interchange||EDID||Extended Display Identification Data (VESA, DDC)|
|EDIF||Electronic Design Interchange Format||EDO||Extended Data Out (RAM, DRAM, IC)|
|EDP||Electronic Data Processing||EGA||Extended Color Graphics Array|
|EGA||Enhanced Graphics Adapter||EHCI||Enhanced Host Controller Interface|
|EIDE||Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics||EIO||Extended InputI/Output|
|EISA||Extended Industry Standard Architecture||ELF||Executable and Linkable Format (Unix, OS/2)|
|EMB||Extended Memory Block||EMC||Electromagnetic Compatibility|
|EMF||Extended metafile||EOF||End Of File|
|EPP||Enhanced Parallel Port||ESDI||Enhanced Small Disk Interface|
|ESDI||Enhanced Standard Device Interface||EUI||Extended Unique Identifier|
|EVC||Enhanced Video Connector||FAT||File Allocation Table|
|FCB||File Control Block||FD||Floppy Disc|
|FDC||Floppy Disk Drive Controller||FDD||Floppy Disc Drive|
|FDDI||Fiber Distributed Data Interface||FDO||Functional Device Object|
|FoIP||FAX over Internet Protocol||FPA||Floating-Point Accelerator (Hardware)|
|FPA||Function Point Analysis (programming)||FPU||Floating Point Unit (CPU)|
|FR||Frame Relay||FSB||Front Side Bus|
|FSD||File System Driver||FSRTL||File System RunTime Library|
|FTP||File Transfer Protocol||FTS||Fault Tolerant System|
|GART||Graphic Address Re-mapping Table||GDI||Graphical Device Interface|
|GDT||Global Descriptor Table||GIF||Graphics Interchange Format|
|GKS||Graphical Kernel System||GNL||General Public License|
|GPIB||General-Purpose Interface Bus||GPIO||General Purpose Input/Output|
|H/W||Hardware||HCI||Host controller Interface|
|HDC||Hard Disk Controller||HDD||Hard Disk Drive|
|HDL||Hardware Description Language||HDLC||High-level Data Link Control (ISO)|
|HDT||Host Digital Terminal||HEC||Header Error Control|
|HID||Human Interface Device||HIPPI||High Performance Parallel Interface|
|HMA||High Memory Area||HMI||Human-Machine Interface|
|HPFS||High Performance File System||HRTF||Head Related Transfer Function|
|HSFS||High-Sierra File System||HSM||Hierarchical Storage Management|
|HSSI||High-Speed Serial Interface||HSTP||High Speed Transport Protocol|
|HTTP||Hypertext Transfer Protocol||HTPC||Home Theater Personal Computers|
|ICC||Integrated Communication Controller||ICU||ISA Configuration Utility|
|IDE||Integrated Drive Electronics (HDD)||IE||Internet Explorer|
|Indeo||Intel Video Technology||IP||Internet Protocol|
|IPI||Intelligent Peripheral Interface||IrLAP||Infrared Link Access Protocol|
|IrLMP||Iinfrared Link Management Protocol||IRP||I/O Request Packet|
|IRQ||Interrupt Request||ISA||Industry Standard Architecture|
|ISM||Interface Subscriber Module||ISO||International Standards Organization|
|ISR||Interrupt Service Routine||IT||Information Technology|
|JAM||Java administration server||KDT||Keyboard Definition Table|
|LAN||Local Area Network||LBA||Logical Block Address|
|LFN||Long File Name||LP||Laser Printer|
|LP||Logical Partition||LPT||Line PrinTer|
|LU||Logical Unit||LUN||Logical Unit Number|
|MAC||Media Access Control||MADK||Microsoft ActiveX Development Kit|
|MAPI||Messaging Application Programming Interface||MAS||Multiple-Address Space|
|MCA||Micro Channel Architecture||MCGA||Multi Color Graphics Array|
|MCI||Media Control Interface||MCI||Multimedia Control Interface|
|MDK||MODEM Developers Kit||MDL||Memory Descriptor List|
|MFP||Multi-function Peripheral||MFT||Master File Table|
|MIDI||Musical Instrument Digital Interface||MIS||Management Information System|
|MMC||Microsoft Management Console||MMHID||MultiMedia Human Interface Device|
|MMIO||Memory Mapped I/O||MMU||Memory Management Unit|
|MPIC||Multiprocessor Interrupt Controller||MPPE||Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption|
|MRCI||Microsoft Real-time Compression Interface||MSCDEX||Microsoft CD-ROM Extensions|
|MSCS||Microsoft Cluster Server||MSDL||Microsoft Download Library|
|MSDN||Microsoft Developer Network||MS-DOS||Microsoft disk operating system|
|MSMQ||Microsoft Message Queue Server||MTD||Memory Technology Driver|
|MTS||Microsoft Transaction Server||MTU||Maximum Transmission Unit|
|MTU||Maximum Transfer Unit||NBNS||NetBIOS name server|
|NC||Network Computer||NCB||Network Control Block (LAN)|
|NCP||Netware Core Protocol||NCS||Network Computing System|
|NCU||Network Control Unit||NDIS||Network Device Interface Specification|
|NDS||Netware Directory Service||NDS||Novell Directory Service|
|NetBEUI||NetBIOS Extended User Interface||NETBIOS||Network Basic Input/Outputs System|
|NFS||Network File System||NGIO||Next Generation Input / Output|
|NIC||Network Interface Card||NIT||Network Information Table|
|NIU||Network Interface Unit||NNI||Network Node Interface|
|NOS||Network Operating System||NPI||Network Printer Interface|
|NT||New Technology||NTDS||Windows NT Directory Service|
|NTFS||New Technology File System||NTLM||Windows New Technology LAN Manager|
|NTP||Network Time Protocol||NTS/E||Windows NT Server, Enterprise Edition|
|OCX||OLE Control eXtensions (MS)||ODAPI||Open Database Application Programming Interface|
|ODB||Object-oriented Database||ODBC||Open Database Connectivity|
|ODI||Open Datalink Interface||ODSI||Open Directory Services Interface|
|OEM||Original Equipment Manufacturer||ODA||Open Document Architecture|
|OEX||OLE System Control||OHCI||Open Host Controller Interface|
|OLE||Object Linking & Embedding||OMAP||Open Multimedia Application Platform|
|OMT||Object Modelling Technique||OOA||object-oriented analysis|
|OOAD||Object-oriented Analysis And Design||OOD||Object-oriented Design|
|OODB||Object-oriented Database||OOP||Object-oriented Programming|
|OS||Operating System||OSA||Open Scripting Architecture|
|OSF||Open Software Foundation||OSI||Open System Interface|
|OSI||Open Systems Interconnection||PABX||Private Automatic Branch eXchange|
|PAC||Privilege Attribute Certificate (DCE)||PC||Personal Computer|
|PC-DOS||Personal Computer-Disk Operating System||PCI||Peripheral Component Interconnect|
|PCI PM||PCI Power Management [specification]||PCIC||PC Card I/O Cards|
|PCP||Printer Control Protocol||PDA||Personal Digital Assistant|
|PDC||primary domain controller||Portable Document File|
|PDK||Peripheral Developers Kit (MS)||PDL||Page Description Language|
|PDO||Physical Device Object||PIC||Programmable Interrupt Controller|
|PIC MIcro||Peripheral Interface Controller Microcontroller||PID||Process Identifier|
|PIF||Program Information File||PIO||Programmed Input/Output|
|PIT||Programmable Interrupt Timer||PKT||Partition Knowledge Table|
|PLI||Programming Language Interface||PPP||Point-to-Point Protocol|
|PPTP||Point-to Point Tunneling Protocol||PS/2||Personal System/2|
|PVC||Permanent Virtual Circuit||PVM||Parallel Virtual Machine|
|PVP||Packet Video Protocol||QRSL||Quad Rambus Signal Level|
|QVGA||Quarter Video Graphic Array||RAID||Redundant Arrays of Independent Disks|
|RAW||Read and Write||RDA||Remote Database Access|
|RFID||Radio Frequency Identification||RIFF||Resource Interchange File Format|
|RIMM||Rambus Inline Memory Module||RISC||Reduced Instruction Set Computer|
|RPC||Remote Procedure Call||RSX||Realistic Sound eXperience (Intel, audio)|
|RTC||Real-Time Clock||RTF||Rich Text Format|
|RTOS||Real Time Operating System||RTS||Request To Send|
|RWS||Remote WinSock (Windows, TCP/IP)||S/PDIF||Sony Philips Digital Interface|
|SAA||Systems Application Architecture||SAM||SCSI-3 Architecture Model|
|SAP||Service Advertising Protocol (protocol)||SAP||Service Access Point (networking)|
|SBP||Serial Bus Protocol||SCAM||SCSI Configured AutoMatically (SCSI)|
|SCID||Service Channel ID||SCM||Software Configuration Management|
|SCP||System Control Program (OS)||SCSI||Small Computer System Interface|
|SD||Structured Design||SD||Shared Disk|
|SDK||Software Developer’s Kit||SDLC||Synchronous Data Link Control|
|SDP||Service Discovery Protocol||SDU||Service Data Unit|
|SETP||Stream Environment Transport Protocol||SIPC||Simply Interactive Personal Computer|
|SIR||Serial Infrared||SMART||Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology|
|SMB||System Management Bus||SMI||System Management Interrupt|
|SNA||Systems Network Architecture||SPI||Serial Peripheral Interface|
|SPID||Service Profile Identifier||SPS||Shock Protection System|
|SPX||Sequenced Packet Exchange||SQL||Structured Query Language|
|SSA||Serial Storage Architecture||SSI||Small Scale Integration|
|SSI||Server-Side Include||SSL||Secure Socket Layer|
|SSP||Serial Storage Protocol||STD||Suspend To Disk (BIOS, ACPI)|
|SVG||Scalable Vector Graphics||SVGA||Super Video Graphics Array|
|SVID||System Vendor Interface Definition (IDentification)||SXGA||Super Extended Graphic Array|
|SXVGA||Super Extended Video Graphics Array||TD-CDMA||Time Division-Code Division Multiple Access|
|TDI||Transport Driver Interface||TFTP||Trivial File Transfer Protocol|
|TIFF||Tagged Image File Format||TLD||Top Level DOMAIN (Internet, ICANN)|
|TMDS||Transmission Minimized Digital Signal||TREC||Texture and Rendering Engine Compression|
|TSR||Terminate and Stay Resident||TWAIN||Technology Without An Important Name|
|TXD||Transmission Data||UAS||User Account System|
|UDP||User Datagram Protocol (Internet)||UFS||Unix File System (Unix)|
|UHCI||Universal Host Controller Interface||UI||User Interface|
|UIMS||User Interface Management System||ULP||Upper Layer Protocols|
|UML||Unified Modeling Language||UNC||Universal Naming Convention|
|UNI||User Network Interface||UPC||Usage Parameter Control|
|UPS||Unix Print Services (Unix)||UPS||Uninterruptible Power Supply|
|URB||USB Request Block (USB)||URL||Uniform Resource Locator|
|USB||Universal Serial Bus||VAFC||VESA Advanced Feature Connector|
|VB||Visual Basic||VBA||Visual BASIC for Applications|
|VBE||Visual BASIC Editor (MS, VB)||VBE||VESA BIOS Extension|
|VBX||Visual Basic Extension||VC||Virtual Channel|
|VCD||Video Compact Disk||VDD||Virtual Device Driver|
|VDIF||Video display Information Format||VDM||Virtual DOS Machine|
|VDM||Virtual Device Manager||VDMA||Virtual Direct Memory Access|
|VDMAD||Virtual Direct Memory Access Device||VESA||Video Electronics Standard Association|
|VFS||Virtual File System||VGA||Video Graphics Array|
|VHDL||VHSIC Hardware Description Language||VIP||Video Information Provider|
|VM||Virtual Machine||VMS||Virtual Memory System|
|VMTP||Versatile Message Transaction Protocol||VOD||Video On Demand|
|VPE||Video Port Extension||VPI||Virtual Path Identifier|
|VpicD||Virtual Programmable Interrupt Controller Device (PIC)||VRML||Virtual Reality Modeling Language|
|VSAM||Virtual Storage Access Method||VSD||Vendor Specific Driver|
|VUDA||VESA Unified Graphics Architecture||VUMA||VESA Unified Memory Architecture|
|VVIDD||VESA Video Interface for Digital Display||VxD||Virtual Device Driver|
|VXI||VMEbus Extension for Instrumentation||WAIS||Wide Area Information Server|
|WDL||Windows Driver Library||WDM||Windows / Win32 Driver Model|
|WDS||Wireless Distribution System (Joint Common Database)||WDS||Windows Deployment Services (Microsoft)|
|WDMCSA||Windows Driver Model Connection and Streaming Architecture||WHIIG||Windows Hardware Instrumentation Implementation Guideline|
|WHQL||Windows Hardware Quality Laboratory||WIA||Windows Image Acquisition|
|WINS||Windows Internet Naming Service||WinSock||Windows Sockets|
|WLL||Wireless Local Loop||WMA||Windows Media Audio|
|WMF||Windows Meta-File||WMI||Windows Management Instrumentation / Interface (MS, Windows, WMI, CIM)|
|WORM||Write-Once Read-Many||WOSA||Windows Open System Architecture (MS)|
|WPS||Windows Printing System||WRAM||Windows Random Access Memory|
|WS||Workstation||WSH||Windows Scripting Host|
|WSP||WinSock Proxy||WSS||Windows Sound System|
|XCOFF||eXtended Common Object File Format (Unix)||XGA||eXtended Graphics Array|
|XHTML||eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language||XMS||eXtended Multiprocessor operating System (OS)|
|XMS||Extended Memory Specification||ZAK||Zero Administration Kit (Microsoft)|
|ZAW||Zero Administration for Windows||ZTAT||Zero Turnaround Time (Hitachi)|
As we use our computer the hard drive of our PC accumulate temporary files overtimes. These temporary files are created when you run a particular program and delete it when you close the program normally. Temporary files are used by the system especially when the program you execute cannot allocate enough memory to do its task. Your Internet browser also creates temporary files when you browse the internet and overtime this file amasses on the computer hard drive and slows down your computer.
Ideally, once a week is good enough for you to run disk utilities to remove these temporary files and cleanup your trash bin on your drive, by doing this, aside from making your computer healthy you also regain the space on your drive used by this temporary files. Using Windows Disk cleanup utility can do these job easily and also other third party software such as ccleaner is also a good choice in cleaning your computer temporary files.
In this tutorial includes
Using Windows Disk Cleanup in Windows Xp
Using Windows Disk Cleanup in Window 7
Using Windows Disk Cleanup in Windows 8
Step by step guide in using Windows Disk Cleanup in Windows Xp
Click on Start >> Run, under the RUN command box type “cleanmgr.exe” without the quotes.
Under Disk Cleanup tab check on Download Program Files, Temporary Internet Files, Recycle Bin and Temporay Files, you can also check other files to delete by just clicking on the checkbox and then click on OK button.
Disk Cleanup More Options
- Windows Component – Click to start Windows Component Wizard which you can add or remove windows component, if you are not using a particular component, you can save disk space by removing it.
- Installed Programs – Click to open Add or Remove Programs which you can use to remove installed program. If you are not using a particular program, you can save disk space by removing it.
- System Restore – Click to open System Restore, which you can use to remove saved system restore points. If you have several system restore points, you might not need the older one, and you can save space by removing them. The Clean up button purges all but the most recent system restore point on the specified drive.
Step by step guide in using Windows Disk Cleanup in Windows 7
1.Click on Start >> Run, under the RUN command box type “cleanmgr.exe” without the quotes.
2.Select the drive you want to cleanup and click on OK.
3. Under Disk Cleanup tab check on Download Program Files, Temporary Internet Files, Offline webpages, Recycle Bin and Temporay Files, you can also check other files to delete by just clicking on the checkbox and then click on OK button.
Disk Cleanup Other Options
1.Clean up system files – Clicking this button deletes previous Windows installations, Windows Defender files, and Windows upgrade log files that you might no longer need.
2. View Files – Clicking this button shows you the content of your PC Downloaded Program files.
Step by step guide in using Windows Disk Cleanup in Windows 8
1.Right click on Start by sliding your mouse pointer at the lower left edge of your screen then click on Run, under the RUN command box type “cleanmgr.exe” without the quotes.
2.Under Disk Cleanup tab check on Download Program Files, Temporary Internet Files, Offline webpages, Recycle Bin and Temporay Files, you can also check other files to delete by just clicking on the checkbox and then click on OK button.
Disk Cleanup Other Options.
1.Clean up system files – Clicking this button deletes previous Windows installations, Windows Defender files, and Windows upgrade log files that you might no longer need.
2.View Files – Clicking this button shows you the content of your PC Downloaded Program files.
The use of system restore is to restore your computer system files in its earlier state or to the state when your computer works perfectly. There are times when you install software or driver to your system when suddenly your computer behave erratically. Maybe your first step in solving this problem is to rollback the driver you have just installed and uninstall the software that you think that might cause the problem, but what if this does not solve the problem. Your next step could be to use the system restore by windows to restore your computer to its earlier state. System restore does not affect your personal files such as your email, document or photos. In Windows 7 system restore can restore image from backups stored on hard disks, just like the restore points created by system protection. Even though system image backups contain both your system files and personal data, your data files won’t be affected by System Restore.
Using system restore requires that you logged in as an administrator otherwise your not able to do system restore on your system. To quickly check if your logged in with an administrator privilege double click the date and time located at the lower right of your windows 7 desktop or you can click start >> run and type “timedate.cpl” and click on the ok button.
If you are not logged in with an administrative privilege you’ll see a message similar to the error messege shown on the image below but if you are logged in with administrator privilege you will be able to continue in changing the time and date of your computer.
To start system restore Click on Start button then right click on Computer and then clicking properties. In the left pane of “View basic information about your computer” click on system protection.
How to create a System Restore point
To create a System Restore point, Click the System Protection tab, and then click Create button. In the System Protection dialog box type a description of the restore point you are about to create (as shown in the image labeled 1) and then click create.
Thats it you have just created your System restore point.
How to Restore your previously created system restore point
To undo system changes to your computer or restore your computer to previous state using system restore, Click the System Protection tab, and then click System Restore button. In the System Restore dialog box click on Choose a different restore pointso you can choose which restore point to restore then click on Next.
Here you can select the restore point that you want in the list also you can click on the Show more restore point checkbox to list all the restore point that you have created, scheduled restore point that windows 7 system restore have created and all the restore point that have been created automatically during the installation of certain softwares are all listed here. Click on Next button when you have chosen your restore point.
In the “Confirm your restore point” screen you are being ask to confirm your choice of system restore. When you’re completely sure that you have selected the correct restore point to restore then click on Finish button to confirm.