Motherboard – Identifying motherboard components
The motherboard is the central printed circuit board of the whole computer system it is in here where you interconnect peripheral devices and other hardware devices such as the Harddrive, Memory, Video card and the main brain of the system, the microprocessor. It is also here where you interconnect other devices such as the printer, keyboard and mouse.
As shown above is a ASUS P7P55D from Asustek it is an LGA 1156 socket for intel Core™ i7 / Core™i5 for the latest processor today. Motherboard is also called as mainboard or Systemboard other also call it mobo, The motherboard is the central printed circuit board of the whole computer system it is in here where you interconnect peripheral devices and other hardware devices such as the Harddrive, Memory, Video card and the main brain of the system, the microprocessor. It is also here where you interconnect other devices such as the printer, keyboard and mouse. It is essential to familiarize your motherboard specially when you want to build your own Computer or want to troubleshoot your computer for problems.
A – CPU Socket for processor.
Insert your processor on this socket, this type of motherboard support for LGA 1156 processor
B – CPU, Chassis, and Power Fan Connector
Conect here the power connector of your CPU heatsink Fan and other fan such as the Chassis fan.
C – Memory Socket
Insert here your PC Memory, this board support DDR3 memory different motherboard support different memory type such as DDR, DDR2 or DDR3. Consult your motherboard for the specific memory type it support.
D – Back Panel
The back panel of your motherboard, Connect your keyboard, mouse, usb device,1394 port, speaker and other external devices.
E – PCI-express 1x slot
Designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards, plug here your PCIe devices such as your Ethernet card, TV tuner card, sound card and other PCIe cards.
F – PCIe 2.0 x 16 slot
This slots are primarily intended for PCIe video cards, you can connect two video card with the same brand and model for SLI Mode. This configuration is often used for gaming purposes or intensive video editing.
G – USB Connector
Connects to your usb bracket at the back or front of your PC Desktop.
H – Serial ATA Connector
Connect your Serial ATA (SATA) hard drive or Optical SATA drive such as your SATA DVD or BLU-RAY drive.
I – System Panel Connector
Connect to front panel such as the HDD LED indicator, Power Switch, Reset Switch and Power On LED Indicator.
J – IDE Connector
Connect to your Parallel ATA hard drive or Optical PATA drive such as your PATA DVD or BLU-RAY drive.
K – ATX Power Connector
Connect to a 24 pin ATX power source on the power supply.
L – Serial Port Connector
Connect to serial port bracket at the back of your PC casing.
M – Standby Power LED
LED lit when connected to power supply and connected to a 110/220V power source.
N – ATX Power Connector
Connect to 12V EATX power source on the power supply.
O – PCI Slot
Peripheral Component Interconnect or PCI for short. plug here your PCI devices such as your Ethernet card, TV Tuner Card, sound card, and other PCI Cards.
1 – Audio Input/Output port
Connects to your 5.1 speaker, you can also use stereo speaker by connecting your stereo speaker connector jack to the green port of the Audio Input/Output port.
2 – USB Port
Connect your usb devices here such as your external hard drive or optical drive, mouse, flash drives and other usb devices.
3 – LAN Port using RJ45 connector
Connect to your network cable with the use of RJ45 connector.
4 – IEEE 1394 port
Connect to your firewire devices.
5 – Optical S/PDIF out port
Connect to the Optical input of a speaker.
6 – Coxial S/PDIF out port
Connect to the Coaxial input of a speaker.
7 – PS/2 Mouse Port
Connect to a PS/2 mouse.
8 – PS/2 Keyboard Port
Connect to a PS/2 keyboard